caelum_blue: (Default)
caelum_blue ([personal profile] caelum_blue) wrote2012-02-25 09:35 am

Caelum Blue's Avatarverse Yearly Calendar

Disclaimer: I do not own the television series Avatar: The Last Airbender. It belongs to its creators, Bryan Konietzko and Michael Dante DiMartino.

 

I also do not claim that this is in any way an OFFICIAL calendar of the Avatar world. It is merely a piece of fanwork, nothing more. I'm sharing it so other fans can use and enjoy it. If you do use it, credit would be greatly appreciated.

 

Speaking of appreciation, I'd like to give an inordinate amount of thanks to my friend and beta, Stingrae, for her support, suggestions, editing skills, and being the levelheaded one when I was sleep-deprived and going insane over details. I owe her cookies. Lots and lots of cookies.

 

Notes and references are at the bottom if you're curious as to how I arrived at this jumble of conclusions. I reserve the right to make changes to this calendar as the need arises. (And it probably will arise at some point...)



Month 1: Ox

Fixed Element: Yin Spirit

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Xiaohan: Minor Cold

New Year's Day

Rat

2 Ox

 

3 Tiger

 

4 Rabbit

 

5 Dragon

 

6 Snake

 

7 Horse

 

8 Ram

 

 

9 Monkey

 

10 Rooster

 

11 Dog

 

12 Pig

 

 

13 Rat

 

14 Ox

 

 

15 New Moon

Tiger

 

 

16 Dahan: Major Cold

Rabbit

 

17 Dragon

 

18 Snake

 

19 Horse

 

20 Ram

 

21 Monkey

 

 

22 Rooster

 

 

23 Dog

 

 

24 Pig

 

 

25 Rat

 

 

26 Ox

 

 

 

27 Tiger

 

 

28 Rabbit

 

 

29 Dragon

 

 

30 Full Moon

Snake

 

 

Month 2: Tiger

Fixed Element: Yang Earth

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Lichun: Start of Spring

Horse

 

2 Ram

3 Monkey

 

4 Rooster

5 Dog

 

6 Pig

7 Rat

8 Ox

9 Tiger

10 Rabbit

11 Dragon

 

12 Snake

 

13 Horse

 

14 Ram

 

15 New Moon

Monkey

 

16 Yushui: Rain Water

Rooster

 

17 Dog

 

18 Pig

 

 

19 Rat

 

20 Ox

 

21 Tiger

 

22 Rabbit

 

23 Dragon

 

24 Snake

 

25 Horse

 

26 Ram

 

27 Monkey

 

28 Rooster

 

29 Dog

 

30 Full Moon

Pig

 

 

Month 3: Rabbit

Fixed Element: Yin Earth

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Jingzhe: Awakening of Insects

Rat

2 Ox

3 Tiger

4 Rabbit

5 Dragon

6 Snake

7 Horse

8 Ram

9 Monkey

10 Rooster

11  Dog

12 Pig

13 Rat

14 Ox

15 New Moon

Tiger

16 Chunfen: Vernal Equinox

Rabbit

17 Dragon

18 Snake

19 Horse

20 Ram

21 Monkey

22 Rooster

23 Dog

24 Pig

 

25 Rat

26 Ox

27 Tiger

28 Rabbit

29 Dragon

30 Full Moon

Snake

 

Month 4: Dragon

Fixed Element: Yang Spirit

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Qingming: Clear and Bright

Horse

2 Ram

3 Monkey

4 Rooster

5 Dog

6 Pig

7 Rat

8 Ox

9 Tiger

10 Rabbit

 

11 Dragon

 

12 Snake

13 Horse

14 Ram

 

15 New Moon

Monkey

16 Guyu: Grain Rain

Rooster

 

17 Dog

 

18 Pig

19 Rat

20 Ox

21 Tiger

 

22 Rabbit

23 Dragon

 

24 Snake

25 Horse

 

26 Ram

27 Monkey

28 Rooster

29 Dog

30 Full Moon

Pig

 

Month 5: Snake

Fixed Element: Yin Fire

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Lixia: Start of Summer

Rat

2 Ox

3 Tiger

4 Rabbit

5 Dragon

6 Snake

 

7 Horse

8 Ram

9 Monkey

10 Rooster

11 Dog

12 Pig

13 Rat

14 Ox

15 New Moon

Tiger

16 Xiaoman: Grain Full

Rabbit

 

17 Dragon

 

18 Snake

19 Horse

20 Ram

 

21 Monkey

 

22 Rooster

 

23 Dog

 

24 Pig

25 Rat

26 Ox

27 Tiger

28 Rabbit

29 Dragon

30 Full Moon

Snake

 

Month 6: Horse

Fixed Element: Yang Fire

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Manzhong: Grain in Ear Horse

2 Ram

3 Monkey

4 Rooster

5 Dog

6 Pig

7 Rat

8 Ox

9 Tiger

10 Rabbit

11 Dragon

12 Snake

13 Horse

14 Ram

15 New Moon

Monkey

16 Xiazhi:

Summer Solstice

Rooster

17 Dog

18 Pig

19 Rat

20 Ox

21 Tiger

22 Rabbit

23 Dragon

24 Snake

25 Horse

26 Ram

27 Monkey

28 Rooster

29 Dog

30 Full Moon

Pig

 

Month 7: Ram

Fixed Element: Yin Spirit

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Xiaoshu: Minor Heat

Rat

2 Ox

3 Tiger

4 Rabbit

5 Dragon

6 Snake

7 Horse

8 Ram

9 Monkey

10 Rooster

11 Dog

12 Pig

13 Rat

14 Ox

15 New Moon

Tiger

16 Dashu: Major Heat

Rabbit

17 Dragon

18 Snake

19 Horse

20 Ram

21 Monkey

22 Rooster

23 Dog

24 Pig

25 Rat

26 Ox

27 Tiger

28 Rabbit

29 Dragon

30 Full Moon

Snake

 

 

Month 8: Monkey

Fixed Element: Yang Air

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Liqiu: Start of Autumn

Horse

2 Ram

3 Monkey

4 Rooster

5 Dog

6 Pig

7 Rat

8 Ox

9 Tiger

10 Rabbit

11 Dragon

12 Snake

13 Horse

14 Ram

15 New Moon

Monkey

16 Chushu: Limit of Heat

Rooster

17 Dog

18 Pig

19 Rat

20 Ox

21 Tiger

22 Rabbit

23 Dragon

24 Snake

25 Horse

26 Ram

27 Monkey

28 Rooster

29 Dog

30 Full Moon

Pig

 

Month 9: Rooster

Fixed Element: Yin Air

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Bailu: White Dew

Rat

2 Ox

3 Tiger

4 Rabbit

5 Dragon

6 Snake

7 Horse

8 Ram

9 Monkey

10 Rooster

11 Dog

12 Pig

13 Rat

14 Ox

15 New Moon

 

Tiger

16 Qiufen: Autumnal Equinox

 

Rabbit

17 Dragon

18 Snake

19 Horse

20 Ram

21 Monkey

22 Rooster

23 Dog

24 Pig

25 Rat

26 Ox

27 Tiger

28 Rabbit

29 Dragon

30 Full Moon

Snake

 

Month 10: Dog

Fixed Element: Yang Spirit

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Hanlu: Cold Dew

Horse

2 Ram

3 Monkey

4 Rooster

5 Dog

6 Pig

7 Rat

8 Ox

9 Tiger

10 Rabbit

11 Dragon

12 Snake

13 Horse

14 Ram

15 New Moon

Monkey

16 Shuangjiang: Frost Descent Rooster

17 Dog

18 Pig

19 Rat

20 Ox

21 Tiger

22 Rabbit

23 Dragon

24 Snake

25 Horse

26 Ram

27 Monkey

28 Rooster

29 Dog

30 Full Moon

 

Pig

 

Month 11: Pig

Fixed Element: Yin Water

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Lidong: Start of Winter

Rat

2 Ox

3 Tiger

4 Rabbit

5 Dragon

6 Snake

7 Horse

8 Ram

9 Monkey

10 Rooster

11 Dog

12 Pig

13 Rat

14 Ox

15 New Moon

Tiger

16 Xiaoxue: Minor Snow Rabbit

17 Dragon

18 Snake

19 Horse

20 Ram

21 Monkey

22 Rooster

23 Dog

24 Pig

25 Rat

26 Ox

27 Tiger

28 Rabbit

29 Dragon

30 Full Moon

Snake

 

Month 12: Rat

Fixed Element: Yang Water

Yang Spirit Day

Yin Spirit Day

Yang Earth Day

Yin Earth Day

Yang Fire Day

Yin Fire Day

Yang Air Day

Yin Air Day

Yang Water Day

Yin Water Day

1 Daxue: Major Snow

Horse

2 Ram

3 Monkey

4 Rooster

5 Dog

6 Pig

7 Rat

8 Ox

9 Tiger

10 Rabbit

11 Dragon

12 Snake

13 Horse

14 Ram

15 New Moon

Monkey

16 Dongzhi: Winter Solstice

Rooster

17 Dog

18 Pig

19 Rat

20 Ox

21 Tiger

22 Rabbit

23 Dragon

24 Snake

 

25 Horse

 

26 Ram

27 Monkey

28 Rooster

29 Dog

30 Full Moon

New Year's Eve

Pig

 

 

Notes

 

I'll be frank. This thing is far from perfect. I'm not an expert; just a fan who wanted to make sense of the Avatarverse's timeline. I've done the best I can to make sure it works out, though I know there are probably still a million things wrong with it. If you see any major problems that I've missed, please point them out to me!

 

Random Hemispherical Thing to Take Into Account

I like to think that this calendar was created in Ba Sing Se. It's definitely one of the major powers in the Avatarverse, so it makes sense that the city would develop a calendar system that the rest of the world would follow. Taking that into consideration, please note that the seasons corresponding to the months here are the way it would be in the northern hemisphere, where Ba Sing Se is located. It would be the opposite in the southern hemisphere. For instance, the first month starts in winter in Ba Sing Se, but down south it would be summer.

 

Time Measurements

For the sake of sanity, I've simplified the math involved with the calendar, as I really didn't feel like dealing with the mathematical consequences of having a year be 365.2425 days long, or a lunar cycle that lasts 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes and 3 seconds. All the time measurements are exact and simple.

 

12 months in a year

3 weeks in a month

10 days in a week

 

The Months

Each month is a single lunar cycle, starting and ending with the full moon. There are 30 days in the cycle.


Lunar Month

1

Waning Gibbous

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

Half Moon

 

 

9

Waning Crescent

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

 

15

New Moon

 

16

Waxing crescent

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

20

 

 

21

 

22

Half Moon


23

Waxing Gibbous

24

 

 

25

 

 

26


 

27

 

 

28

 

 

29

 

 

 

30

Full Moon

 

 


Months are named after the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac, which are also associated with specific months in our world. Each month and its corresponding animal has a fixed element.

 

Traditionally, the Rat is the first animal in the zodiac. The first month of the year, however, is the Month of the Ox. I wanted the Rat (associated with the second month of winter) to be the first, but that would have caused the Summer Solstice and the Day of Black Sun to be far too close to each other, with practically no time for the episodes between the two to happen. (Especially The Puppetmaster, as that episode requires a full moon. Check out the episode timeline if you're curious to see how it all works out.)

 

The Chinese calendar itself starts in spring with the Month of the Tiger, but starting the Avatarverse calendar there would cause the Day of Black Sun to take place near the middle of autumn instead of the season's beginning. I decided it wouldn't hurt to just split the difference and start the year with the Month of the Ox.

 

The Weeks and Days

Weeks are ten days each, as they are in the Chinese calendar. The days go through the same cycle of zodiac animals and five elements as the years do, going through a full cycle every sixty days, or two months. Because there are ten days and Ten Earthly Stems (those'd be the elements; see further down for details), the days of the week get fixed with a specific element while the animals rotate through. I've taken to using these fixed elements as the names for the days of the week, i.e. the Day of Yin Water, or Yin Water Day, or Yinwaterday, or however you'd like to go about naming it.

 

Seasons

In the Chinese calendar, solstices and equinoxes mark the middle of their respective seasons, not the beginning. This is also the case in the Avatarverse.

 

Solar Terms

The Chinese calendar is a lunisolar calendar, meaning it incorporates both the lunar cycle and the angle of the sun, or solar term. In our world, these two systems don't match up perfectly, so the timing of moon phases and solar terms changes from year to year. Since I've simplified the math in the Avatarverse, however, the moon phase and the solar term will always match up, every year. (This may have the unintended consequence of causing things like eclipses to happen on the same day every year, but I'd really rather not think about that too much. Gotta draw the line of insanity somewhere.)

 

Solar terms are 15 days long, or half a month. They have their own names, usually pertaining to weather or crops. However, because weather and farming schedules likely vary from latitude to latitude, the names of some solar terms are probably not applicable in certain places. For instance, in the Fire Nation, which is on the equator, there is probably no reason to call the first half of the twelfth month Daxue, meaning "major snow". Likewise, the Water Tribes probably have no reason to use any of the solar term names that have to do with farming, seeing as they don't farm.

 

Keep in mind that the solar term in the northern hemisphere would be the opposite of the solar term in the southern hemisphere--for instance, if it's Dongzhi, the Winter Solstice, down south, then it's Xiazhi, the Summer Solstice, up north. If you're wondering what solar term it is in the other hemisphere, just count forward by twelve terms.

 

Hemispheres and Geographical Issues

There are a number of issues with the hemispheres, and the creators admit it. In the first episode, Sokka mentions "midnight sun madness", and the sun never sets, so apparently it's near the middle of summer in the southern hemisphere. However, that would also mean that it's already near the middle of winter in the northern hemisphere, so...the entire timeline is screwy.

 

Furthermore, there are other geographical issues--Kyoshi Island, for instance, is in the southern hemisphere, where it is apparently summertime, yet there is snow on the ground. Omashu is near the equator, yet there's snow there, too. (You could maybe say this is because they're high up in the mountains. But still.) By Book 2, the southern hemisphere should be going into autumn, yet Gaoling--Toph's hometown--and the area where The Chase takes place are both experiencing spring. Aang even specifically says so at the beginning of The Chase.

 

Frankly, it's probably for the best if we just ignore the geographic and hemispheric issues within the series before our brains explode. Even Mike and Bryan say so.

 

The Twelve Earthly Branches and Ten Heavenly Stems

The Twelve Earthly Branches are the animals in the Chinese zodiac--Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, and Pig. The Ten Heavenly Stems are the five elements--Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, and Water--each combined with either Yin or Yang energy. There are sixty possible combinations of Branches and Stems.

 

In order to make it fit better with the Avatarverse, I've switched around the order of the Ten Heavenly Stems, and I've replaced the two elements that don't appear in the Avatar Cycle. I haven't changed any of the Twelve Earthly Branches--all are in the same order as the actual Chinese zodiac.

 

When it comes to the order of the Stems, Spirit and Air have taken the places of Wood and Metal, respectively. The "element" of Spirit was added to keep the numbers straight--there would be quite a mix-up if the Ten Heavenly Stems were reduced to eight. Also, I've switched the order of the Chinese elements to accommodate the Avatar Cycle, which has a different rotation order than the Chinese elements. The Avatarverse elements have the rotation of Water, Earth, Fire, and Air, while the Chinese elements go the opposite direction, in the order of Water, Wood (Spirit), Fire, Earth, and Metal (Air). By switching Fire with Earth, we get the proper Avatarverse rotation: Earth, Fire, Air, and Water, and then Spirit.

 

Whether or not this mix-up includes the Chinese characters used to write the Ten Heavenly Stems is up to you. (The meanings of the characters seem to have to do with their order, as in "the First Heavenly Stem" or "the Fourth Heavenly Stem"--they don't seem to translate exactly as "yang wood" or "yin fire".)

 

Astrology

I've never cared for horoscopes in real life, but I'm finding them more and more useful for character development. There's actually more to Chinese astrology than just the year animal and element--there are animals and elements for the months, days, and hours, too. I like using the personality types to figure out a character's birthday (OC or canon). I suggest browsing through the links below if you're interested in seeing how you can use Chinese astrology for character development.

 

Also, if you're using the elements to figure out a character's horoscope, I'd say that Air is most like Wood and Spirit most like Metal, personality-wise. I would have substituted Air for Wood and Spirit for Metal, instead of doing it the other way around, but that meant I'd have to mix up the rest of the elements, too, if I wanted to get them in order. And I'm trying to mix things up as little as possible.

 

References

On the Chinese calendar system:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_calendar

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Week#Ten-day

http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/calendar.html

 

On lunar months:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_month

 

On the Chinese Zodiac and Twelve Earthly Branches:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_zodiac

 

On the specific zodiac animals combined with the elements:

Rat: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-rat.html

Ox: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-ox.html

Tiger: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-tiger.html

Rabbit: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-rabbit.html

Dragon: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-dragon.html

Snake: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-snake.html

Horse: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-horse.html

Ram: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-goat.html

Monkey: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-monkey.html

Rooster: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-rooster.html

Dog: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-dog.html

Pig: http://www.chinesezodiacguide.com/chinese-zodiac-pig.html

 

On the Sexagenary Cycle and the Ten Heavenly Stems:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexagenary_cycle

 

Avatarverse era names, according to the Avatar wiki:

http://avatar.wikia.com/wiki/Writing_in_the_World_of_Avatar#The_Library

(Note: I can't vouch for the reliability of this information. I'm assuming it's correct, but there are no references.)

 

What we know of the Avatarverse timeline, according to the Avatar wiki:

http://avatar.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_Events

(Again, I can't vouch for the credibility.)

 

Mike and Bryan briefly mentioning how we just have to live with hemispherical errors:

http://www.avatarspiritmedia.net/interviews.php?id=19

(It's the very first part of that section of the interview.)


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